3D printing is a process of making three dimensional solid objects from a digital file. The creation of a 3D printed object is achieved using additive processes. In an additive process an object is created by laying down successive layers of material until the entire object is created. Each of these layers can be seen as a thinly sliced horizontal cross-section of the eventual object. 3D printing is also known as desktop fabrication. It is a prototyping process whereby a real object is created from a 3D design. The digital 3D model is saved in STL format and then sent to a 3D printer. 3D printer prints the design layer by layer and forms a real object. 3D printing is going to impact so many industries, such as automotive, medical, industrial equipment, education, architecture, and other industries. 3D printing provides great savings on assembly costs because it can print already assembled products. With 3D printing, companies can now experiment with new ideas and numerous design iterations with no extensive time or tooling expense. They can decide if product concepts are worth to allocate additional resources. 3D printing could even challenge mass production method in the future. 3D printing technology allows users to turn any digital file into a three dimensional physical product. One of the good things about this printing technology is that it changes the dynamic of consumer culture. In other words, it turns users from being passive consumers to active creators.


This project (2016-1-TR01-KA202-034204) is funded by the Erasmus+ Program of the European Union.

However, the European Commission and the Turkish National Agency cannot be held responsi­ble for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.